A Bibliography of Modern Pollen Studies with Palaeoecological Applications

This bibliography has been prepared by Heather Tinsley with contributions from colleagues who participated in the Symposium Modern pollen deposition, tree-lines and climate at the XV INQUA Congress in Durban 1999. The bibliography is by no means comprehensive, it reflects the interests of those who provided material and is intended as a working document to be revised, and updated. Additional references for inclusion will be gratefully received. Please send contibutions to heathertinsley@netscapeonline.co.uk

Adam, D.P. and Mehringer P.J., 1975 Modern pollen surface samples - an analysis of subsamples. Journal Research, U.S.A. Geological Survey, 3, 733-736

Andersen, S.Th., 1970 The relative pollen productivity and pollen representation of north European trees, and correction factors for tree pollen spectra determined by surface pollen analysis from forest. Dan. Geol. Unders., Raekke 2, 96, 1-99

Andersen, S. Th., 1974 Wind conditions and pollen deposition in a mixed deciduous forest. Grana 14, 64-77

Anderson, P.M., Bartlein, P.J., Brubaker, L.B., Gajewski, K. and Ritchie, J.C., 1989 Modern analogues of late-Quaternary pollen spectra from the western interior of North America. Journal of Biogeography 16, 573-596

Anderson, P.M. and Brubaker, L.B., 1986 Modern pollen assemblages from northern Alaska. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 46, 273-291

Avitsky, V.D. and Kobzar, V.N., 1996 Aerobiology in Russia and neighbouring countries, 1980-1993. A bibliographic review. Grana 35, 314-318

Ayyad, S.M., Moore, P.D. and Zahran, M.A., 1992 Modern pollen studies of the Nile delta, Egypt. New Phytologist 121, 663-675

Bartley, D.D., 1967 Pollen analysis of surface samples of vegetation from Arctic Quebec. Pollen et Spores 9, 101-105

Behling, H., Negrette, R.B. and Colinvaux, P., 1997 Modern pollen rain from the tropical Atlantic rain forest, Reserve Volta Velha, South Brazil. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 97, 287-299

Beuning, K.R.M., 1996 Modern pollen rain, vegetation and climate in lowland East Java, Indonesia. In: Bartstra, G. J. and Bottema, S (Editors) Modern Quaternary research in southeast Asia, 14

Birks, H.J.B., 1973 Modern pollen studies in some arctic and alpine environments. In: H.J.B. Birks and R.G. West (Editors), Quaternary Plant Ecology. Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 143-168.

Birks, H.J.B., 1977 Modern pollen rain and vegetational history of the moraines of the Klutlan Glacier and its surroundings, Yukon Territory, Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 55, 2367-2382

Birks, H.J.B., 1980 Modern pollen assemblages and vegetation history of the moraines of the Klutlan Glacier and its surroundings, Yukon Territory, Canada. Quaternary Research 14, 101-129

Birks, H.J.B., 1981 The use of pollen analysis in the reconstruction of past climates: a review. In: T.M.L. Wigley, M.J. Ingram and G. Farmer (Editors) Climate and History Cambridge University Press pp. 111-138.

Birks, H.J.B., 1997 Modelling modern pollen-climate relationships in Norway. Geonytt 24 (1), 102

Birks, H.J.B.,Webb, T. III and Berti, A.A., 1975 Numerical analysis of pollen samples from Central Canada: a comparison of methods. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 20, 133-169.

Bonnefille, R., and Riollet, R., 1988. The Kashiru pollen sequence (Burundi). Palaeoclimatic implications for the last 40,000 years in tropical Africa. Quaternary Research 30, 19-35

Bonnefille, R., Buchet, G., Friis, I., Kelbessa, E. and Mohammed, M.U., 1993. Modern pollen rain on an altitudinal range of forests and woodlands in South West Ethiopia. Opera Botanica 121, 71- 84

Bonny, A., 1976 Recruitment of pollen to the seston and sediment of some Lake District lakes. Journal of Ecology 64, 859-887

Bonny, A.P. and Allen, P.V., 1984 Pollen recruitment to the sediments of an enclosed lake in Shropshire, England. In: E.Y. Haworth and J.W.G. Lund (Editors) Lake sediments and environmental history. Leicester University Press pp 231-260

Bortenschlager, I. und Bortenschlager S., 1978 Pollenanalytische Untersuchung am Bänderton von Baumkirchen (Inntal, Tirol). Gletscherkunde und Glazialgeologie Bd. 14, H. 1, S. 95-103.

Bortenschlager I., und Bortenschlager S., 1985 Pollenflug in Tirol (Österreich): Innsbruck 1984. Imst 1979 - 1984, Wörgl 1980 - 1984. Ber. Nat-med. Verein Innsbruck 72, 65-99

Bortenschlager, I. and Bortenschlager, S., 1986 Pollenflug in Tirol (Österreich). Obergurgl 1981 - 1985, Galtür 1983 - 1984, Innsbruck, Imst und Wörgl 1985. Ber Nat.-med. Verein Innsbruck 73, 47-69

Bortenschlager, I and Bortenschlager, S., 1987 Pollenflug 1986 in Tirol (Austria). Galtür, Imst, Innsbruck, Obergurgl und Wörgl. Ber. Nat-med. Verein Innsbruck 74, 49-59

Bortenschlager, I. und Bortenschlager, S., 1992 Pollenflug 1991 in Tirol (Austria). Galtür, Innsbruck, Obergurgl, Reutte, Woergl und Zams. Ber. Nat.-med. Verein Innsbruck 79, 123-143

Bortenschlager, I., und Bortenschlager, S., 1993 Pollenflug 1992 in Tirol (Austria). Galtür, Innsbruck, Kühtai, Obergurgl, Reutte, Woergl und Zams. Ber. Nat.-med. Verein Innsbruck 80, 97-119

Bortenschlager, I and Bortenschlager, S., 1996 Pollenflug 1995 in Tirol (Austria). Galtür, Innsbruck, Lienz, Obergurgl, Reutte, Woergl und Zams. Ber. Nat.-med. Verein Innsbruck 83, 123-143

Bortenschlager, I., Bortenschlager, S. und Frank, A., 1984 Pollenflug in Innsbruck 1977 - 1983 (Tirol, Österreich) medizinische Bedeutung. Ber. Nat.-med. Verein Innsbruck 71, 213-240

Bortenschlager, I., Bortenschlager, S und Frank, A., 1987 Der Pollenflug in Tirol in Abhängigkeit von der Höhenlage als Grundlage fur Diagnose und Therapie der Pollenallergie. Allergologie 10, 137-142

Bortenschlager, S., Ambach, W., Grunicke, H., Mostler, H., Schweiger, M. und Wieser, W., 1988: Pollenflug in Österreich. Ber. Nat.-med. Verein Innsbruck Suppl. 4 S. 1-71

Bortenschlager, S., Ambach, W., Grunicke, H., Mostler, H., Schweiger, M. und Wieser, W., 1989 Pollenflugsaison 1988 in Österreich. Ber. Nat.-med. Verein Innsbruck. Suppl. 5 S. 1-90

Bortenschlager, S., Ambach, W., Grunicke, H., Mostler, H., Schweiger, M. und Wieser, W., 1990 Pollenflugsaison 1989 in Österreich. Ber. Nat.-med. Verein Innsbruck. Suppl. 7 S. 1- 91

Bortenschlager, S., Ambach, W., Grunicke, H., Mostler, H., Schweiger, M. und Wieser,W., 1991 Pollenflugsaison 1990 in Österreich. Ber.Nat.-med. Verein Innsbruck Suppl. 8 S. 1- 95

Bortenschlager, S. und Frank, A., 1983 Abhängigkeit des Luftpollengehaltes von Relief und Vegetation in einem gebirgsland und seine allergologische Bedeutung. Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift 133, Jahrgang Suppl. 77 S. 1-11

Bradshaw, R.H.W., 1981 Modern pollen representation factors for woods in south-eastern England. Journal of Ecology 69, 45-70

Bradshaw, R.H.W. and Webb, T. III, 1985 Relationship between contemporary pollen and vegetation data from Wisconsin and Michigan, USA. Ecology 66, 721-737

Brown, A.G., 1999 Biodiversity and pollen analysis: modern pollen studies and the recent history of a flood plain woodland in S.W. Ireland. Journal of Biogeography 26 19-32

Brubaker, L.B., Graumlich, L.J. and Anderson, P.M., 1987 An evaluation of statistical techniques for discriminating Picea glauca from Picea mariana pollen in northern Alaska. Canadian Journal of Botany 65, 899-906

Bush, M. and Rivera, M., 1998 Pollen dispersal and representation in a neotropical rain forest. Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. Let. 7, 379-392

Bush, M., 1991 Modern pollen-rain data from South and Central America: a test of the feasibility of fine-resolution lowland tropical palynology. The Holocene 1, 162-167

Calcote, R., 1995 Pollen source area and pollen productivity, evidence from forest hollows. Journal of Ecology 83, 591-602

Caseldine, C.J., 1981 Surface pollen studies across Bankhead Moss, Fife, Scotland. Journal of Biogeography 8, 7-25

Caseldine, C.J., 1989 Pollen assemblage-plant community relationships on the Storbreen glacier foreland, Jotunheimen Mountains, southern Norway. New Phytologist 111, 105-118

Caseldine, C.J. and Pardoe, H.S., 1994 Surface pollen studies from alpine/sub-alpine southern Norway: applications to Holocene data. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 82, 1-15

Crowley, G.M., Grindrod, J. and Kershaw, A.P., 1994 Modern pollen deposition in the tropical lowlands of northeast Queensland, Australia. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 83, 299-327

Cundill, P.R., 1979 Contemporary pollen spectra on the North York Moors. Journal of Biogeography 6, 127-131

Cundill, P.R., 1986 A new design of pollen trap for modern pollen studies. Journal of Biogeography 13, 83-98

Cundill, P.R., 1991 Comparisons of moss polster and pollen trap data: a pilot study. Grana 30, 301-308

Cundill, P.R., (in press) A comparison of results from two designs of pollen trap. Grana

Davis, M.B., 1967 Pollen deposition in lakes as measured by sediments traps. Geol. Surv. Am. Bull. 78, 849-858

Davis, M.B., 1968 Pollen grains in lake sediments: Redeposition caused by seasonal water circulation. Science 162, 796-799

Davis, M.B., 1969 Palynology and environmental history during the Quaternary period. Am. Sci. 57, 317-332

Davis, M.B., 1973 Redeposition of pollen grains in lake sediment Limnology and Oceanography 18, 44-52

Davis, M.B., 1976 Pleistocene biogeography of temperate deciduous forests. Geoscience and Man 13, 13-26

Davis, M.B., 1978 Climatic interpretation of pollen in Quaternary sediments. In: D.C. West, H.H. Shugart and D.B. Botkin (Editors) Biology and Quaternary Environments pp. 132-153

Davis, M.B., Brubaker, L.B. and Beiswenger, J.M., 1971 Pollen grains in lake sediments: Pollen percentages in surface sediments from southern Michigan. Quaternary Research 1, 450-467

Davis, M.B, and Brubaker, L.B., 1973 Differential sedimentation of pollen grains in lakes. Limnology and Oceanography 18, 635-646

Davis, M.B. and Goodlett, J.C., 1960 Comparison of the present vegetation with pollen spectra in surface samples from Brownington Pond, Vermont. Ecology 41, 346 -357

Davis, M.B., Spear, R.W. and Shane, L.C.K., 1980 Holocene climate of New England. Quaternary Research 14, 240-250

Delcourt, P.A., Delcourt, H.R. and Webb, T. III, 1984 Atlas of mapped distributions of dominance and modern pollen percentages for important tree taxa of eatern North America. AASP Contrib Series 14, 131.

De Busk, G.H., 1997 The distribution of pollen in the surface sediments of Lake Malawi, Africa, and the transport of pollen in large lakes. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 97, 123-153

Delcourt, H.R. and Pittillo, J.D., 1986 Comparison of contemporary vegetation and pollen assemblages. An altitudinal transect in the Balsam Mountains, Blue Ridge Province, western North Carolina, USA. Grana 25, 131-141

Elliot-Fisk, D.L., Andrews, J.T., Short, S.K. and Mode,W.N., 1982 Isopoll maps and an analysis of the distribution of the modern pollen rain, Eastern and Central Northern Canada. Géogr. Phys. Quaternaire 36, 91-108

Fall, P. L., 1994 Modern pollen spectra and vegetation in the Wind River Range, Wyoming USA. Arctic and Alpine Research 26 (4), 383-392

Filipovitch, L. and Lazarova, M., 1997 Surface pollen studies from high-altitude slopes of Stara Planina (the Balkan Range). Phytologica Balcanica 3, 2-3

Fossitt, J., 1994 Modern pollen rain in the northwest of the British Isles. The Holocene 4, 365-376

Fredskild, B., 1991 The genus Betula in Greenland - Holocene history, present distribution and synecology. Nord. J. Bot. 11 (4), 393-412.

Gaillard, M.-J., Berglund, B.E. and Frenzel, B., (eds) (in press) Quantification of land surfaces cleared of forest during the Holocene. Paläoklimaforschung 27

Gaillard, M.-J., Birks, H.J.B., Emanuelsson, U. and Berglund,B.E., 1992 Modern pollen/land use relationships as an aid in the reconstruction of past land-uses and cultural landscapes: an example from south Sweden. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 1, 3-17

Galliard, M.-J., Birks, H.J.B., Karlsson, S. and Lagerås, P., 1996 Quantitative reconstruction of past land-use and soil conditions using the modern analogue approach - a case study in south Sweden. In: A.M. Robertson, S. Hicks, A. Åkerlund, J. Risberg and T. Hakens (Editors) Landscapes and Life. Studies in honour of Urve Miller. PACT 50, 431-442

Gaillard, M.-J., Hicks, S. and Ritchie, J., 1994 Modern pollen rain and fossil pollen spectra. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 82, 195

Hall, V.A., Picher,J.R. and Bowler, M., 1993 Pre-elm decline cereal-size pollen: Evaluating its recruitment to fossil deposits using modern pollen rain studies. Biology and Enviroment: Proceedings of The Royal Irish Academy 93B, 1-4

Hamilton, A.C., 1972. The interpretation of pollen diagrams from highland Uganda. Palaeoecology of Africa 7, 45-149

Hamilton, A.C. and Perrot, R.A., 1980 Modern pollen deposition on a tropical African mountain. Pollen et Spores 22 437-468

Heide, K.M. and Bradshaw, R.H.W., 1982 The pollen-tree relationship within forest of Wisconsin and upper Michigan, USA. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 36, 1-23.

Hicks, S., 1974 A method of using modern pollen rain values to provide a time-scale for pollen diagrams from peat deposits. Mem. Soc. Fauna et Flora Fenn. 49, 21-33

Hicks, S., 1977 Modern pollen rain in Finnish Lapland investigated by analysis of surface moss sambles. New Phytologist 78, 715-734

Hicks, S., 1985 Modern pollen deposition records from Kuusamo, Finland. I. Seasonal and annual variation. Grana 24, 167-184

Hicks, S., 1986 Modern pollen deposition records from Kuusamo, Finland. II The establishment of pollen: vegetation analogues. Grana 25, 183-204

Hicks, S., 1991 Large and small scale distribution of pollen in the boreal zone. PACT 33, 17-25

Hicks, S., 1992 Aerobiology and Palaeoecology. Aerobiologi, 8, 220-230

Hicks, S., 1992 Modern pollen deposition and its use in interpreting the occupation history of the island Hailuoto, Finland. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 1, 75-86

Hicks, S., 1993 The use of recent pollen rain records in investigating natural and anthropogenic changes in the polar tree limit in northern Fennoscandia. In: Oscillations of the Alpine and Polar tree limits in the Holocene. European Palaeoclimate Programme Stuttgart, Paläoklimaforschung 9, 5-18

Hicks, S., 1994 Present and past pollen records of Lapland forests. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 82, 17-35

Hicks, S., 1996 The feasibility of using pollen deposition data as climatic indices. Paläoklimaforschung 20, 173-187

Hicks, S. , 1997 Pollen analogues and pollen influx values as tools for interpreting the history of a settlement centre and its hinterland. PACT 52, 137-150

Hicks, S., 1998 Fields, boreal forests and forest clearings as recorded by modern pollen deposition. Paläoklimaforschung 27, 53-66

Hicks, S., (In press) The relationship between climate and annual pollen deposition at northern tree-lines. Chemosphere

Hicks, S., Ammann, B., Latalowa,M., Pardoe, H. and Tinsley, H., 1996 European Pollen Monitoring Programme. Project description and Guidelines. Oulu University Press.

Hicks, S. and Birks, H.J.B., 1996 Numerical analysis of modern and fossil pollen spectra as a tool for elucidating the nature of fine-scale human activities in boreal areas. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 5, 257-272

Hicks, S., Bozilova, E., Dambach, K., Drescher-Schneider, R. and Latalowa, M., 1998 Sampling methodologies for the collection of modern pollen data and related vegetation and environment. Paläoklimaforschung 27, 141-144

Hicks, S. and Hyvärinen, V.-P., 1986 Sampling modern pollen deposition by means of 'Tauber traps’: some considerations. Pollen et Spores 28, 219-242

Hicks, S., Pellikka, P. and Eeronheimo, H., 1997 The relationship of modern pollen deposition to local and regional vegetation in the Pallas area using high accuracy numerical vegation mapping. Finnish Forestry Research Institute Reports 623, 37-47

Hjelmroos, M., 1991 Evidence of long-distance transport of Betula pollen. Grana 30, 215-228

Hjelmroos, M., 1992 Long-distance transport of Betula pollen grains and allergic symptoms. Aerobiologia 8, 231-236

Horn, S.P. and Rodgers, J.C. III, 1997. The northern limit of Alnus (Fagales) in Costa Rica: Modern pollen evidence of a possible range extension. Revista de Biologia Tropical 44-45 (3-1 PART B), 609-611

Hyvärinen, H., 1976 Flandrian pollen deposition rates and tree-line history in northern Fennoscandia. Boreas 5, 163-175

Ibe, R.A., 1984 Modern pollen rain-vegetation relations at four different elevations on Slide Mountain, Catskill Mountains, New York. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 111, 96-102

Islebe G.A. and Hooghiemstra, H., 1995 Recent pollen spectra of highland Guatemala. Journal of Biogeography 22, 1091-1099

Jackson, S.T. and Kearsley, J.B., 1998 Quantitative representation of local forest composition in forest-floor pollen assemblages. Journal of Ecology 86, 474-490

Jacobson, G.L., Jr. and Bradshaw, R.H.W., 1981 The selection of sites for palaeovegetational studies. Quaternary Research 16, 80-96

Janssen, C.R., 1966 Recent pollen spectra from the deciduous and coniferous-deciduous forests of northeastern Minnesota : a study in pollen dispersal. Ecology 47 804-825

Janssen, C.R., 1981 On the reconstruction of past vegetation by pollen analysis: A review. IV Int. Palynol. Conf. Lucknow (1976-77) 3, 163-172.

Janssen, C.R. 1984 Modern pollen assemblages and vegetation in the Myrtle lake peatland, Minnesota. Ecological Monographs 54, 213-252

Jochimsen, M., 1972 Pollenniederschlag und rezente vegetation in gletschervorfeldern der Alpen. Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 85, 13-27

Jolly D, Bonnefille, R., Burcq, S. and Roux, M., 1996 Représentation pollinique de forêt dense humide du Gabon, tests statistiques. C.R. Academie Science Paris 322 série II A, 63-70.

Kabailiene, M.V., 1965 The dispersion of pollen in the surface deposits of lakes in Lithuania. Stratigraphy of Quaternary deposits and palaeogeography in SE Lithuania. Transactions of the Institute of Geology 2 Vilnius 267-301 (in Russian)

Kabailiene, M.V., 1996 On distribution of pollen in lakes. Palynology in geological research in the Baltic Soviet Republics. Zinatne, Riga, 113-119 (in Russian)

Kabailiene, M.V., 1969 On formation of pollen spectra and restoration of vegetation. Transactions of the Institute of Geology , 11 Mintis, Vilnius 147 p (in Russian)

Kabailiene, M.V., 1979 The Essentials of Applied Palynology. Mokslas, Vilnius 148p (in Lithuanian)

Kabailiene, M.V., 1981 Pollen in air. Science and Life 10 14-16 (in Lithuanian)

Kabailiene, M.V., 1981 On tree pollen dispersion and pollen productivity determination. IV Int. Palynol. Conf., Lucknow (1976-77) 3, 314-318

Kabailiene, M.V., 1985 Restoration of Holocene forest history in Lithuania by net-like method. Ecologia Mediterranea T. XI 1

Kabailiene, M.V., 1987 Information on vegetation included in pollen spectra. Palaeohydrology of the Temperate Zone III . Mires and lakes, Tallin 144-151

Kabailiene, M.V., 1998 Vegetation history and climate changes in Lithuania during the Late Glacial and Holocene, according to pollen and diatom data. PACT 54 13-30

Kappen, L. and Straka, H., 1988 Pollen et spores transport into Antarctic. Polar Biol. 8, 173-180

Kershaw, A.P. and Bullman, D., 1994 The relationship between modern pollen samples and environment in the humid tropic region of north-eastern Australia. Review of Palaeoecology and Palynology 83, 83-96

Königsson, L-K., 1992 The recent pollen rain in some alpine and sub-alpine environments in the southern parts of the Scandinavian mountains and its bearing on investigations of Holocene forest-line shifts. Acta Bot. Fennica 144, 19-34

Koff, T., 1991 Anthropogenic influence on the natural vegetation in Kurtna lake district (North-East Estonia). Arkeologiska Forskningslaboratoriet Stockholms Universitet, Laborativ Arkeologi 5, 171-178

Koff, T., 1998 Pollen influx in Lake Matsimäe and its catchment. Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Biol. Ecol. 47 4, 247-258

Koff, T., Punning, J.-M. and Yli-Halla, M., 1998 Human impact on a paludified landscape in northern Estonia. Landscape and Urban Planning 41, 263-272

Kullman, L. and Engelmark, O., 1990 A high Late Holocene tree-limit and the establishment of the spruce forest-limit - a case study in northern Sweden. Boreas 19, 323-331

Kvavadze, E., 1997 The perspective of the coprolitical study of mammals by pollen analysis for solution of palaeoecological and ethological problems. Mem. Trav. E.P.H.E., Inst. Montpellier 21, 121-128

Lamb, H.F., 1984 Modern pollen spectra from Labrador and their use in reconstructing Holocene vegetational history. Journal of Ecology 72, 37-59

Liu, K-B. and Lam, N. S-N., 1985: Paleovegetation reconstruction based on modern and fossil pollen data: an application of discriminant analysis. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 75, 115-130

Lutgerink, R.H.P., Swertz, Ch.A. and Janssen, C.R., 1989 Regional pollen assemblages versus landscape regions in the Monts du Forez, Massif Central France. Pollen et Spores 31, 45-60

Macdonald, G.M. and Ritchie, J.C., 1986 Modern pollen spectra from the western interior of Canada and the interpretation of late Quaternary vegetation development. New Phytologist 103, 245-268

Mancini, M.V., 1993 Recent pollen spectra from forest and steppe of South Argentina: a comparison with vegetation and climate data. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 77, 129-142

Marchant, R.A., Taylor, D.M., and Hamilton, A.C., 1997 Late Pleistocene and Holocene history of Mubwindi Swamp, south-west Uganda. Quaternary Research 47, 316-328

Marchant, R.A. and Taylor, D.M., (in review) A relationship between montane forest and modern pollen spectra: an example from southwest Uganda. The New Phytologist

McGlone, M.S. and Moar, N.T., 1997. Pollen-vegetation relationships on the subantarctic Auckland Islands, New Zealand. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 96, 317-338

Meadows, M. E., 1984. Contemporary pollen spectra and vegetation of the Nyika Plateau, Malawi. Journal of Biogeography 11, 223-233

Meadows, M. E., 1989. Contemporary pollen rain studies in southern Africa. Palaeoecology of Africa 20, 155-162

Moe, D., 1983 Palynology of sheep’s faeces: relationship between pollen content, diet and local pollen rain. Grana 22, 105-113

Mudie, P.J., 1982 Pollen distribution in recent marine sediments, eastern Canada. Can.J.Earth Sci 19, 729-747

Nelson, R.E., 1979 Modern pollen rain on the Chukehl and Beaufort Sea coast, Alaska Appendix IVb. in R.W. Hartz and D.M. Hopkins (Editors), Environmental Assessment of the Alaskan Continental Shelf, Annual reports of Principal Investigatiors for the Year Endung March, 1978. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., pp. 112-119

O’Rourke, M.K. and Lebowitz, M.D., 1984 A comparison of regional atmospheric pollen with pollen collected at and near homes. Grana 23, 55-64

Overpeck, J.T., Prentice, I.C. and Webb, T,. III, 1985 Quantitative interpretation of fossil pollen spectra: Dissimilarity coefficients and the method of modern analogs. Quaternary Research 23, 87-108

Paez, M.M., Villagram, C., Stutz, S., Hinojosa, F. and Villa, R., 1997. Vegetation and pollen dispersal in the subtropical-temperate climatic transition of Chile and Argentina. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 96, 169-181

Pardoe, H.S., 1992 The relationship between modern pollen deposition and vegetation: studies from alpine and sub-alpine communities on glacier forelands in southern Norway. Ph.D. thesis, University of Wales College of Cardiff

Pardoe, H.S., 1996 Micro-scale patterns of modern pollen deposition within three alpine plant communities. New Phytologist 132, 327-341

Pardoe, H.S., 1998 Preliminary results of a study of surface pollen deposition in western Spitsbergen. Frøðskaparrit 46, 281-282

Pardoe, H.S., 1999 The representation of high arctic plant communities in surface pollen assemblages. Proceedings of the Fifth International Palaeobotanical and Palynological Conference.

Prentice, I.C., 1978 Modern pollen spectra from lake sediments in Finland and Finnmark, north Norway. Boreas 7, 131-153

Prentice, I.C., 1993 Process and production. Nature 363, 209-210

Prentice, I.C., 1980 Multidimensional scaling as a research tool in Quaternary palynology: a review of theory and methods. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 31, 71-104

Pulkkinen, P., Rantio-Lehtimäki, R. and Kemppainen, I., 1993 Artificial dispersal of foreign pollen into a Scots pine seed orchard. Grana 32, 364-371

Punning, J.-M., Koff, T., Ilomets, M. and J gi J., 1995 The relative influence of local, extra-local and regional factors on organic sedimentation in the Vällamäe kettle hole, Estonia. Boreas 24, 65-80

Ritchie, J.C., 1974 Modern pollen assemblages near the arctic tree line. Mackenzie Delta region, Northwest Territories. Can. J. Bot. 52, 381-396

Ritchie, J.C., 1977 The modern and later Quaternary vegetation of the Campbell-Dolomite uplands near Inuvik, N.W.T., Canada. Ecological Monographs 47, 401-423

Ritchie, J.C., 1982 The modern and late-Quatenary vegetation of the Doll Creek area, North Yukon, Canada. New Phytologist 90, 563-603

Ritchie, J.C., Hadden, K.A. and Gajewski, K., 1987 Modern pollen spectra from lakes in arctic western Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 65 8, 1605- 1613

Salmi, M., 1962 Investigations on the distribution of pollens in an extensive raised bog. Bull. Comm. Geol. Finland 204, 152-193

Seppa, H., 1996 Post-glacial dynamics of vegetation and treelines in the far north of Fennoscandia. Fennia 174, 1-96

Seppa, H. and Weckstrom, J., 1999 Holocene vegetational and limnological changes in the Fennoscandian tree-line as documented by pollen and diatom records from Lake Tsuolbmjavri, Finland. Ecoscience (in press)

Short, S.K., Andrews, J.T. and Mode, W.N., 1989 Modern and late Quaternary Pollen Spectra of Fiord Sediments, eastern Baffin Island, Arctic Canada. Marine Micropaleontology 15, 181-202

Short, S.K., Mode, W.N. and Davis, P.T., 1985 The Holocene record from Baffin Island: Modern and fossil pollen studies. in J.T. Andrews (Editor), Quaternary Environments: Eastern Canadian Arctic, Baffin Bay and Western Greenland. Allen and Unwin, Boston pp 608-642

Spieksma, F. and Bottema, F., 1989 Pollenregen en pollenneerslag. Paleo-Aktueel, Biologisch-Archaeologisch Instituut, Groningen.

Spieksma, F., Nikkels, B.H. and Bottema, S., 1994. Relationship between recent pollen deposition and airborne pollen concentration. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 82, 141-145

Stavseth, A., 1997 Moderne pollen og vegetasjon på fjellet Skrubben, Troms, Nord-Norge. Geonytt 24, 106

Sugita, S., 1993 A Model of Pollen Source Area for an Entire Lake Surface. Quaternary Research 39, 239-244

Sugita, S., 1994 Pollen representation of vegetation in Quaternary sediments: theory and method in patchy vegetation" Journal of Ecology 82, 157-164

Sugita, S. (in press) Modeling pollen representation of vegetation

Tauber, H., 1965 Differential pollen dispersion and the interpretation of pollen diagrams. Geological Survey of Denmark. II. Series 89, 1-69

Tauber, H., 1967 Investigations of the mode of pollen transfer in forested areas. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 3, 277-286

Tauber, H., 1974 A static non-overload pollen collector. New Phytologist 73, 359-369

Tauber, H., 1977 Investigations of Aerial Pollen Transport in a Forested Area. Dansk Botanisk Arkiv 32, 1-121

Tinsley, H.M. and Smith, R.T., 1974 Surface pollen studies across a woodland/heath transition and their application to the interpretation of pollen diagrams. New Phytologist 73, 547-565

Turner, J., 1964 Surface samples from Ayrshire, Scotland. Pollen Spores 6, 383-392

van der Knaap, W.O., 1987 Long-distance transported pollen and spores on Spitsbergen and Jan Mayen. Pollen et Spores 29, 449-453

van der Knaap, W.O., 1990 Relations between present-day pollen deposition and vegetation in Spitsbergen. Grana 29, 63-78

Vermeeren, C. and Kuijper, W., 1996 Pollen from coprolites and recent droppings: useful for reconstructing vegetation and determining the season of consumption? Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia 26, 213-220

Vincens, A., Ssemmanda, I., Roux, M. and Jolly, D., 1997 Study of modern pollen rain in western Uganda with a numerical approach. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 96, 145-168

Vuorela, I., 1973 Relative pollen rain around cultivated fields. Acta Botanica Fennica 102, 1-27

Vuorela, I., 1975 Pollen analysis as a means of tracing settlement history in SW.Finland. Acta Botanica Fennica. 104, 1-48

Webb, T. III, 1974 A vegetational history from northern Wisconsin: evidence from modern and fossil pollen. Am. Midl. Nat. 92, 12-34

Webb, T. III, 1986 Is vegetation in equilibrium with climate? How to interpret late-Quaternary pollen data. Vegetatio 67, 75-91

Wright, H.E. Jr., 1967 The use of surface samples in Quaternary pollen analysis. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 2, 321-330

Wright, Jr., H.E., McAndrews, J.H. and van Zeist, W., 1967 Modern pollen rain in western Iran, and its relation to plant geography and Quarternary vegetational history. Journal of Ecology 55, 415-443

Yazvenko, S.B., 1991 Modern pollen-vegetation relationships on the Southeast Caucasus. Grana 30, 350-356

Zeist, W. van, Timmers, R.W. and Bottema, S., 1970 Studies of modern and Holocene pollen precipitation in southeastern Turkey. Palaeohistoria 14 19-39.